Cancellation Types
of the 1890 Jubilee Celebrations

For the Jubilee of the introduction of Penny Postage Her Majesty's Government resolved upon two celebrations and the issuance of a Christmas & New Years card.

Special cancellations were used for the two Celebrations or Conversaziones. The first was at the Guildhall and then at the Museum of Science and Art, South Kensington. Various Towns and Villages throughout the United Kingdom held additional small celebrations.

For the Guildhall, an eight-pointed star was used from 16th May through 19th May when the hall was open. Five types appear to have been produced and used at the special Post Office installed in the Guildhall. A special postcard was available at 6d and sold out within the first four hours. General cards and envelopes, plus those brought by the public for mailing were canceled with four of these obliterators. Telegraphic messages, incoming and outgoing were stamped with the fifth type. 'Handback' cards and letters were stamped with a cancel without a time code, though some of these were later posted into the mails.

At South Kensington, a circular cancel of two types was used on 2nd July. A "Jubilee Envelope" was available for purchase and these cancels would be use for hand back or mailing. Additional special cancels were used at regular post offices, upon request, where the special "Jubilee Envelopes" were also sold.

As part of the South Kensington exhibition, a reproduction of a 1790 cancel was available, a "South Kensington Museum" indicia and both sending and combination reply Pneumatic "Tube Post" cancels. These could also be applied to items purchased or brought in on 2nd July.

The numeric codes in the Guildhall cancels are Time Code and represent hours of operation of the Guildhall Post Office. Thus an "!" indicates an hour when the exhibition was not open. Items posted after 9:30 PM on the 17th and 19th were marked "Posted Too Late For Midnight Mails" Without this marking a "10" must be assumed to be 10 AM. An "X" indicates that type with date and code has been seen on a card, wrapper or envelope.

The South Kensington Museum's Exhibition was only open the one day, 2nd July, 1890 and from 7 PM to Midnight. In addition to selling the special envelopes at 1/-, any item could be canceled for an additional 1d. per cancel [3d. for the Tube Post Reply], this was the charge for those items -=not=- placed into the mails. Interestingly, the instructions specify Black Ink only to be used, yet a bluish-violet appears on many items.

40,000 [GPO 'round' figures] cards, letters and registered envelopes were written and posted within the Guildhall Exhibition over the three days. An additional 150,000, collected from assigned locations were processed to receive the special Guildhall cancel.

23,500 South Kensington Jubilee envelopes were posted in the Museum that evening. 5,700 ordinary letters and 6,700 ordinary post cards were also sent out from the Museum. Some posted the inserted card, which being unfranked, caused a 2d. surcharge [postage due] to be levied. About 600 were sent in this manner.

Total London sales of the special envelope were 148,830, with 5,370 being sold -=within=- the Museum. The balance of the 23,500 mentioned above were brought or sent into the Museum for processing with the special cancel.

Some 7 4s. 11d. worth of Tube Post was processed and an additional 789 items received the 1d. Tube Post Jubilee cancel on a hand back basis, being also charged the same 1d. per cancel fee [3d. for the Tube Post Reply], as with the regular cancel.


 
  Type H-1 Type P-1 Type P-2 Type P-3 Type P-4 Type T-1
Usage Handback Postal Postal Postal Postal Telegraphic
V. Well left, stop over stroke of "P" Point directly over stroke of "P" Slightly left, stop over loop of "P" Small, more to left, stop just right of "P" stroke Slightly left, stop almost over stroke of "P" Left, stop over mid "P"
R. Well right of "Y" Stroke on left tip of "Y" Stroke right of left tip of "Y" Small, stroke right of left tip of "Y" Stroke on left tip of "Y" Stroke right of left tip of "Y"
PENNY Thin Letters, compressed Normal Normal Slightly shorter, normal width Slightly Compressed Normal, "E" tilts East
POSTAGE Thin Letters, centred "P" & "E" under thin frame lines "P" clear, "E" under frame line "P" & "E" inside frame lines "P" & "E" inside frame lines "P" & "E" inside frame lines
GUILDHALL Squat, centred Squat, slightly left Tall, slightly left Slightly squat, letters rounder Tall, centred Squat, compresed, centred
Date Taller, "MAY" Normal Normal Large, Bold Normal Normal
Years "90" centred over thin frame line Slightly squat, stops after years Normal, no stops Appear slightly squat Normal, no stops Squat, no stops
Code Dash Number Number Large Number Number Number
Shield Larger, balanced 'cross' Smallest, top of 'cross' wide & left Slightly low 'cross' Slightly high 'cross' Highest of all Top curves nearly straight
Frame Medium thickness Very thick Medium thickness Slightly thicker Medium thickness Slightly thinner

Guildhall
Type H-1
Favor Cancel Usage
In use on 16th, 17th and 19th.

 

Guildhall
Type P-1
Postal Usage

 

Date:Code: 101112 123 456 789 101112
16 May 90   !  !  !   !  !  !   !  !   X  X      
17 May 90                  PTL  !  !
19 May 90             X    X PTL  !  !

 

Guildhall
Type P-2
Postal Usage

 

Date:Code: 101112 123 456 789 101112
16 May 90    !  !  !   !  !  !   !  ! X   X X    
17 May 90       X  X  X  X   X   X  X PTL  !  !
19 May 90   X  X   X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X PTL  !  !

 

Guildhall
Type P-3
Postal Usage

 

Date:Code: 101112 123 456 789 101112
16 May 90    !  !  !   !  !  !   !  !    X  X  X  X
17 May 90             X     PTL  !  !
19 May 90       X     X  X    X  X  X PTL  !  !

 

Guildhall
Type P-4
Postal Usage

 

Date:Code: 101112 123 456 789 101112
16 May 90    !  !  !   !  !  !   !  !    X  X  X   
17 May 90   X   X  X X  X   X  X  X  X   PTL  !  !
19 May 90   X   X  X  X  X  X  X  X  X   X PTL  !  !

 

South Kensington Museum
Dual Use - Type 1 "Small" 32 mm diameter
Left stroke of "V" points to "P" of PENNY.
Seen in Black, Blue and Violet

 

South Kensington Museum
Dual Use - Type 2 "Large" 37 mm diameter
Left stroke of "V" points to "E" of PENNY.
Seen in Black, Blue and Red

 

South Kensington Museum
"TUBE POST"
Fee for transmittal in either direction.
Seen in Violet

 

South Kensington Museum
"TUBE POST REPLY"
Fee for a reply card or letter.
Seen in Violet

 

South Kensington Museum
1790 Type
"POST OFFICE"
Seen in Blue and Black

 

South Kensington Museum
Museum Indicia
Dated 1890
Proof?

 

South Kensington Museum
Museum Indicia
Dated 1990
Seen in Blue

 

 

 


 
3rd June, 2016